- The city of Siracusa is also capital of the province. The ancient city was
founded by a group of Corinthian settlers in 734 B.C.. For about 500 years
Siracusa was one of the strongest and most powerful cities in Sicily, until, she
was conquered by Rome. After a period of turmoil she eventually fell into
the hands of the Muslims and eventually the Normans. Not to be
missed are the Greek Theatre and the Roman Amphitheater.